Education in Indonesia falls under the responsibility of the Ministry of Education and Culture and the Ministry of Religious Affairs .In Indonesia, all citizens must undertake nine years of compulsory education which consists of six years at elementary level and three in secondary level. Islamic schools are under the responsibility of the Ministry of Religious Affairs.
Education is defined as a planned effort to establish a study
environment and educational process so that the student may actively
develop his/her own potential in religious and spiritual level,
consciousness, personality, intelligence, behaviour and creativity to him/herself, other citizens and the nation. The Constitution
also notes that there are two types of education in Indonesia: formal
and non-formal. Formal education is further divided into three levels:
primary, secondary and tertiary education.
Schools in Indonesia are run either by the government (negeri) or private sectors (swasta). Some private schools refer to themselves as "national plus schools" which means that their curriculum to exceeds requirements set by the Ministry of Education, especially with the use of English
as medium of instruction or having an international-based curriculum
instead of the national one. In Indonesia there are approximately
170,000 primary schools, 40,000 junior-secondary schools and 26,000 high
schools. 84 percent of these schools are under the Ministry of National
Education (MoNE) and the remaining 16 percent under the Ministry of
Religious Affairs (MoRA). Private schools only comprise 7% of the total